Types of food

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To lead a healthy and well-cared for life, we need to take care of our diet. This is fundamental for our correct nutrition and the maintenance of the organism. Food is nothing more than the ingestion of food by organisms to provide their food needs. Especially for energy and development. We should not confuse nutrition with food. As this first occurs at the cellular level and the last is the action of eating a food. If you are one of the people who likes to orientate themselves. To make a good and optimal use . Their health and be able to enjoy it for a few years this article will give you the necessary tools. Well as the information to make your food a valuable treasure

. How do we obtain food?

This is the first factor that we must take into account when talking about food. Well, we must know that obtaining them dates back . When humans began to develop their skills with tools, in this way they evolved their techniques in obtaining food. Since then began to replace the collection by agriculture. We had the necessary tools to find our livelihood on the land. The techniques of fishing, irrigation, livestock, as well as storage and cultivation of vegetable products were developed. Nowadays, in the developed nations, the supply of food depends more and more on agriculture and industrial cultivation.

These techniques in turn depend on the development of mechanized tools such as the seeding machine and threshing machine. These tools have been combined with pesticides . Which assure the high yield of the harvests and at the same time fight the insects that can be harmful for the production.

. Vegetables

It is important to eat them frequently, since they have a low content of proteins and fats. They contain mostly vitamins A and C and most vegetables have a lot of potassium and little sodium. Vegetables are very necessary and healthy as they provide a large amount of micronutrients that act as antioxidants and protect our body from various cardiovascular diseases such as cancer and help maintain the health of tissues such as skin and mucous membranes of the body.

Some of the examples of vegetables we can eat is, eggplant, beets, carrots, spinach, lettuce, onions, parsley, potatoes, leeks, tomatoes. All of these are rich in energy, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, calcium, vitamin C and fiber. It is important to maintain the hygiene of them to eliminate dirt and possible diseases. These foods of vegetable origin can be the main source of vitamins and minerals in the diet of many people.

. Fruits

They are very rich in vitamins and minerals. The consumption of the same ones contributes few calories and a high percentage of water facilitating in this way the hydration of the organism. Experts recommend the daily consumption of these foods, as they increase the range of nutrients obtained, such as citrus fruits that contain large amounts of vitamin C.

Fruits contain dietary fibers that provide multiple benefits against constipation and diverticuls. Nuts such as nuts, chestnuts, dates, almonds, hazelnuts contain many proteins and healthy fats. Fruits are one of the main foods more nutrients, healthy and fresh from the food chain. It is rich in jams, fruit drinks, jams and jelly.

. Cereals

They usually contain many carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and fibers. They are particularly interesting for their energy intake, in the form of sugars, they are also sources of vitamins and dietary fiber. Within this category are included mostly wheat, corn, barley, oats, rice, etc. Foods of this type provide many carbohydrates also known as carbohydrates or carbohydrates that are used by the body as a source of energy in the short term.

. Bread

The consumption of bread has been growing over the centuries and together with the growth of the population in the world. It is a food that is easily available to consumers because it is cheap. It is considered since antiquity one of the foods par excellence. To provides our body with a large amount of carbohydrates and proteins. It has low fat content in its structure. Also has folic acid and a certain amount of carotenoids. We must be cautious since the excess of it can bring diseases such as obesity, celiac disease and wheat allergy.

. Pastas

Like cereals and bread, pastas provide large amounts of carbohydrate, protein and mineral fats. The colored pastes also provide some B vitamins, since in their preparation vegetables are used such as spinach, tomato, carrot. If the pasta contains egg, it has more vitamins.

. Water

It is necessary to consume water for the water balance of the body. This indispensable liquid should never be replaced by any soda or juice. Metabolic activity such as the oxidation of fats generates a certain amount of water, however, the metabolic water is insufficient to compensate for losses through urine, feces, sweat or exhalation of breath, which is why it is more than your consumption is necessary.

At the same time, we must bear in mind that the ingestion of excess water during the practice of physical exercise can cause hyperhydration or water intoxication, a situation that can be dangerous and harmful to our health. Water intake can help us in weight loss, constipation and kidney diseases. It is recommended that the woman during pregnancy and lactation should consume a lot of water to stay hydrated.

. Beverages

In addition to the water that is the universal liquid essential for the proper functioning of our body, we must also bear in mind that there are other types of beverages that are good for our health and our body. Coffee is a stimulant drink because of its high caffeine content. It is one of the most socializing non-alcoholic beverages in many countries. Usually taken during breakfast, or accompanied with milk. It is necessary to be careful since it tends to create addiction and excessive consumption is harmful to health. In addition, it has an action contrary to sleep, causing insomnia, but this can be controlled with a moderate consumption of it.

This drink has also been linked to diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancer and cirrhosis, so we must make moderate use of it. On the other hand, tea is an infusion obtained from the leaves and buds of the plants with that name. It contains a relatively fresh, slightly bitter taste, this taste is liked by many people. It is based that the consumption of tea, preferably green, brings great health benefits by containing antioxidants, also has anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties, can help in the regulation of appetite and can reduce pain and nausea, acting in turn as a tranquilizer.

. Vegetables

They are a very homogeneous food group. They contain a high level of protein, which is higher in peanuts and in soybeans. The amount of carbohydrates in legumes is 60% which makes them plant-based foods rich in carbohydrates. Like all food that provides calories we must take care of obesity and the ability to get fat, which is directly linked to the quantities consumed and the food that is ingested with them. Legumes are very rich in dietary fiber along with cereals, the main source of these. This nutrient has preventive effects against obesity, colon cancer, diverticulitis, diabetes and constipation.

It has also been shown that high doses of dietary fiber reduce the level of cholesterol. Legumes have significant amounts of iron, copper, vitamin B1 and are an important source of folic acid. However, legumes do not show appreciable amounts of vitamin C, except when they germinate or are green. The same together with cereals and some tropical fruits and roots have been the main basis of human nutrition for centuries, these same partners in the evolution of man, that is why we need to be aware of the consumption, and the good that they contributes to our organisms.

. Milk and milk products

We all know the high nutritional value of dairy products. Well, they are characterized in general by the amount of mineral calcium that can contribute to organisms, high quality proteins and vitamins A and D. The consumption of dairy as a source of calcium can prevent diseases whose effects are a calcium deficiency and mainly in the bones. It has been proven that the consumption of milk can reduce high blood pressure, as well as strengthening the walls of the small intestine.

Its high consumption can bring consequences such as a high blood cholesterol index. Milk brings with it a diverse composition of fats, proteins and carbohydrates, which make it a complete food. On the other hand the whole milk of cow contains a high source of vitamins A, B, D3, E, being the D which acts as a fixed agent of calcium phosphate to teeth and bones and it is of vital importance for newborns . The cheese shares with the milk some nutritional problems, obtained from the high content of saturated fats, this type of fats influence in a very negative way in cardiovascular diseases.

However, studies conducted in the field of dentistry say that cheese can help significantly in the prevention of tooth decay and other diseases. Yogurt is a dairy product obtained through the bacterial fermentation of milk. In the fermentation process, microorganisms produce the B vitamins necessary for their metabolism. It contains essential minerals in which calcium stands out as in any dairy product. It is necessary to remember and know that dairy products help and are fundamental in the growth of bones, they also contain significant levels of phosphorus, fatty acids and carbohydrates, among which lactose stands out.

. Meat, fish It

Has a high nutritional value, providing macronutrients such as proteins and fatty acids. From the nutritional point of view meat is a great contribution of proteins and essential amino acids being in turn the cause of activating the metabolism in the human body. Meat provides very little carbohydrate and contains little fiber. The nutritional contributions of the meat will depend on the race of the animal as well as the feeding to which it is subjected during its breeding, all these aspects are of importance when talking about nutrients.

It is very fundamental to wash very well the necessary time of each meat to avoid the obtaining of parasites by them and the loss of essential vitamins. All varieties of fish are rich in protein and minerals, saltwater fish is usually rich in fatty acids. The liver of many fish such as cod is very rich in vitamin

Eggs

 They are convenient for pregnant women because they have choline which facilitates the development of the central nervous system of the embryo and the fetus. The egg in turn can also help the memory of the human being and prevent us from eye problems such as cataracts. We must be careful because the ingestion of large quantities of raw egg white produces vitamin deficiencies in the body.

. Conclusions

It is necessary to take care of foods rich in fats, sugar and salt given their high content of sugars, salts and saturated fats that contribute to weight gain and favor the appearance of physical disorders such as obesity, diabetes and cancers.

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