Your brain begins to form just when you are a small seed in the womb of your mom. First it starts with approximately 250 neurons that are then developed and multiplied. They allow you to evolve little by little when you have not even left to discover the world.
The brain is a real mystery that goes with us everywhere. On many occasions it frees us from great troubles. We know that although we are totally alone will help us out of any circumstance. Traits like audacity and cunning free us from many tense moments. Not even the best doctors in the world have been able to discover certain characteristics that we have. It’s amazing how something so small has been able to transform the world as we see it today. We, human beings, are a mystery that goes around the world. In this article we invite you to discover certain characteristics, realities and abilities that we have without scientific explanation thanks to this part of our organism.
Many myths have been generated around their fascinating world. Here are some if these are reality or not and why:
One of the most famous films on this subject is that of Lucy played by Scarlett Johansson. It is speculated that only 10% of the human brain is used. The protagonist product to an internal damage that suffers develops its mental capacities until reaching the dreamed 100% the brain. Skills such as moving objects, super intelligence and infinite memory are evident in the film as a result of this.
Unfortunately this fantastic illusion is not true. The human being uses all his brain to perform the different actions day after day. Every movement we make corresponds to an important part of the brain. The images of a current MRI show that the simple act of moving the thumb consumes more than a tenth of our brain.
If it were 10% of brain cells equal the myth is wrong. Every cell that is not used degenerates and dies. The brain is active even during sleep and its cells are very valuable each with a specific function. We do not have a part of our brain asleep as many believe. When we move and think our brain is working hard. It is like a machinery, where everything is in order for all its parts to be in perfect synchronization and functioning.
All the cells in our body regenerate. Neurons are no more than those cells that are found in our brain. These also regenerate only to a lesser extent than the large number of them that die during the day. The impressive and almost incredible is that the brain has 100 billion neurons. Each of them has about 10,000 connections.
It is said that from the age of 20, around 50 thousand neurons per day begin to die and that at age 75, 10% of the neurons that we have will have died. This is a normal process. It does not mean that we lose skills or are less capable. Thanks to this new fibers and connections are formed between living neurons that allow the development and evolution of the brain.
Neurons are formed from mom’s belly. These neurons stay with you throughout your life being the oldest cells in your body. It is true that they do not regenerate or duplicate but grow in size and weight. The progressive loss and abundance of these may be related to diseases or a neurological accident.
Did you know that the real vision is not what we have? As it is, studies have shown that the brain processes what we see. The cornea is concave and sends a defective image which is received and transformed by our mind. Thanks to this ability of the brain is that we see how we do it, otherwise we would have a distorted image. Neurons are responsible for this transformation that benefits us.
If we could not see, as it should be, life was more complex. Not to mention that we would not enjoy the same way of the beautiful views that our planet has. Maybe many of the activities we do every day such as reading, writing, watching a movie or walking our dog are difficult or impossible. This proves that the relationship between our senses and the brain is extremely necessary and indispensable for living.
Do you have any idea how many thoughts you have per day? Well, this figure is around 70 thousand times. Incredible, is that our brain is the organ that possibly works more full time. Later you will know that not even during the sleep rests.
Every gesture, idea, reasoning, aptitude, state of mind and any movement you make during your journey is driven by the brain. In it are present the thoughts that are a fundamental part of human existence. Man has achieved everything that is today thanks to the strength of thoughts.
Due to the large number of neurons we have, our brain is capable of generating such a number of thoughts. These are related to each daily action. A work meeting, a meeting with a friend. Thoughts are a natural part of our life. They are created in the cerebral cortex. They are able to order our words and execute actions in correspondence. Thanks to them we perform complex analyzes on any situation. They enable decision-making, which is why they are a fundamental part of directing our course in life.
Even so it is amazing the amount of ideas we have in just one day. One more point for the super equipment with which we have.
The fascination with dreams dates back at least 5,000 years, from the ancestral Mesopotamia when people believed that the soul left its sleeping body to visit the places it dreamed of (McGrath, 27).
The act of sleeping is fundamental for the renewal of brain functions. The causes of sleeping little and not resting neurons, are harmful to the body. It is during this time that our mind consults with the pillow the different activities of the day. Not yet possible to demonstrate scientifically why dreams occur. It is alleged that they are related to part of the memories lived and is a sort of ordering of ideas.
The dreams last from 5 to 20 minutes and usually occur from 4 to 6 dreams in each night. However, we can only remember 5% of the dreams we have because the different memories of the brain work differently while we sleep.
On the other hand, after the passage of time, dreams have served to inspire stories, predict events, reassure ideas, resolve situations. It is not possible to identify the reason of dreams or their objectivity. Nor can they be predicted or avoided. It is a latent mystery for men. However, every day we hope that in our dreams we will fulfill the desires that in life we would like to explore. The world of scientists continues to conduct research to explain this wonderful and natural phenomenon in people.
The brain presents several memories in charge of storing the information that reaches it. Among them are the long-term and short-term memories that depending on the value of a memory or other these are located in one of the two. For example, the abilities to swim, write and calculate are knowledge that is stored in long-term memory. While other less relevant data are stored in the short-term memory. The neurons come together and create connections to keep each of these memories over which we have no control. Thanks to this task, our brain has the capacity to store millions of data.
You can not compare this with the storage in a computer because you can not access the memory you want or delete it when you want, or decide where to locate them. The reality is that if we compare the storage capacity of the brain it would be equivalent to millions of gigabytes or 300 years in television programs.
In this same way it is not possible to use all available capacity since there are memories that occupy more space than others. Inexplicably the cells in charge of this carry out their work and discard some memories to occupy them with new ones. Each memory is associated with the meaning we exercise. For example if the memory is related to the visibility this will be stored in the memory of the vision. It’s amazing how something so small in our heads can be so valuable and at the same time so fragile.
There are neuronal diseases such as Alzheimer’s that affect different types of memory. This is very painful for patients who have the disease as well as their family and friends.
The brain controls our emotions. Yes, the heart although it is very attributed in the poetic sense is not responsible for this feeling. It is true that brain and heart are related. The heart beats at a different rhythm depending on the emotions that our body feels. Instead it is the brain that has the control. And not the entire brain, but a very specific part: the limbic system.
The term ‘limbic’ was coined in the year 1878 by the French physician and scientist Paul Broca, to designate an area composed of three structures whose function is related to learning, memory and emotional responses. It is located just below the cerebral cortex and is made up of the thalamus, the hypothalamus, the amygdala, and the hippocampus.
The limbic system is the area of the brain that directs our emotions and our most primitive sensations: those related to survival (such as fear and anger) and the sensations of the human being around our sexual behavior. In fact, many scientists have come to call it the ‘reptilian brain’ since it takes care of our most basic instincts. It is one of the parts of our brain that has greater antiquity. It has more than two million years and is still able to control certain behaviors and sensations that today seem very rational: the courtship, the search for a couple to marry. If we feel that love came to us, it is thanks to him.
If the world in the human brain is complex for the specialists of the matter for which we are not it continues being an indecipherable mystery. After compiling so many writings on the subject we can reach the conclusion that this is who directs our actions. He is a constant ally, our friend in every action. Thanks to him we are who we are and makes us unique.
Despite the existing genetics between siblings whether they are twins or not, grandparents parents and children all have traits that distinguish us. The behaviors are unique and unrepeatable. Each person can bathe, eat and sleep but not in the same way as others. We do not all have the same dreams or the same ideas. We all have neurons, but not all of us think the same despite having the same age or being in the same place. There may even be like-minded people in the same situation and act in different ways. How is this explained? We already know that we reason, no other animal does. Why is a question that will always accompany us.
There are many current studies carried out by specialists from around the world. The interesting thing is that as new features are discovered, more doubts and inconsistencies arise. Everyone knows how the heart works, the kidneys and the liver. The brain is one of the most perfect realities that nature has created. The years go on and this continues to surprise in every action.
There is no doubt that the human brain is one of the wonders of the world. Everything we see and have today, either: technologically, architecturally, artistically, among others, comes from that small and invaluable treasure that we carry with us. It is an enigma of which we will always be proud and admired because it is ours.